Every living thing has a unique code written in DNA that has been evolving for billions of years. This DNA code is inherited by the offspring of an organism and it what mixes when we have babies. Since the discovery of DNA as the hereditary molecule and its beautiful structure(L) Scientists have been slowly gaining understanding and power over DNA and life itself.
In the 1980s Kary Mullis developed a way to amplify a few copies of any specific piece of DNA into millions of copies, in a method still used in every molecular biology laboratory around the world-PCR. This has transformed Molecular Biology, but PCR requires expensive equipment to rapidly and precisely change temperatures takes 2-3 hours and checking the results of a PCR is neither simple or intuitive or fast.
This is why we use Loop mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP). A related recent DNA amplification technique. LAMP is very specific and rapid, and allows amplification at a constant temperature, greatly simplifying the process and reducing cost. Specifically we use a new colorimetric improvement which utilizes a pH sensitive dye and non buffered reaction to allow seeing the results with the naked eye
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